Human Rights In India

      Human rights in India is an issue complicated by the country's large size & population, widespread poverty, lack of proper education & its diverse culture, even though being the world's largest sovereign, secular, democratic republic. The Constitution of India provides for Fundamental rights, which include freedom of religion. Clauses also provide for freedom of speech, as well as separation of executive and judiciary and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. The country also has an independent judiciary and well as bodies to look into issues of human rights.
       The 2016 report of Human Rights Watch accepts the above-mentioned faculties but goes to state that India has "serious human rights concerns. Civil society groups face harassment and government critics face intimidation and lawsuits. Free speech has come under attack both from the state and by interest groups. Muslim and Christian minorities accuse authorities of not doing enough to protect their rights. But in the recent years, more emphasis is given to minority rights & freedom of speech.The government is yet to repeal laws that grant public officials and security forces immunity from prosecution for abuses."

Protection of Human Rights Act, 1994

An Act to provide for the constitution of a National Human Rights Commission, State Human Rights Commission in States and Human Rights Courts for better protection of human rights and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Be it enacted by Parliament in the forty-fourth year of the Republic of India as follows :
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* As amended by the Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Act, 2006– No. 43 of 2006.

Universal Declairation Of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, it set out, for the first time, fundamental human rights to be universally protected.

    The Declaration was adopted by the UN General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 during its 183rd plenary meeting:

For more information about the history of the UDHR, see our UDHR research guides and resources.

We fight together

We are humans

WE care about others

We are humans


Administration of Justice

  • Abuse of power
  • Arbitrary detention
  • Cruel,Inhuman degrading treatment
  • Custodial care
  • Disappearance
  • Torture


  • Denial of medical treatment
  • Discrimination
  • Degrading treatment
  • Excommunication and neglect
  • Exclusion
  • Violation of right to privacy


  • Bonded labour
  • Cruelty
  • Early marriage
  • Exploitation
  • Hunger and malnutrition
  • Sex abuse
  • Prostitution
  • Kidnapping for begging
  • Immoral trafficking
  • Juvenile delinquency
  • Denial of education


  • Social justice
  • Violation of right to vote
  • Terrorism-unlawful eviction
  • Violation of freedom of association
  • HViolation of right to development
  • Violation of right to information
  •

Disabled People

  • Denial of legitimate benefits
  • Discrimination
  • Denial of proper care
  • Exclusion
  • Inadequate facilities
  • Unemployment


  • Abduction
  • Dowry death or attempt
  • Dowry demand
  • Eve-teasing
  • Indignity
  • Mental harassment at workplace
  • Prostitution
  • Sexual harassment
  • Gang rape/rape
  • Exploitation

Prisoners/ Under trials/ Inmates

  • Atrocities
  • Cruelty
  • Death in custody
  • Torture
  • Rape in custody
  • Unnecessary handcuffing
  • Deprivation of legal aid
  • Disappearances
  • Discrimination


  • Denial of human rights education/li>
  • Discrimination on the basis of race, sex, caste, religion and nationality
  • Unemployment
  • Violation of right to development